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Abstract— In this study, the fauna
of Psocoptera was investigated in different regions of West part of Iran
(Kermanshah, Hamedan and Kurdistan provinces) during 2012-2014. The specimens
were collected from the dead and dying leaves of trees, grasses and under
stones. Totally 14 species of Psocoptera belonging to 3 families and 4 genera
were collected and identified from Kermanshah and Kordestan. The genus Belaphotroctes
Roesler, 1943) with seven species Liposcelis brunnea
Motschulsky 1852, Ectopsocus vachoni Badonnel 1954, Liposcelis edaphica Lienhard,
1990; Liposcelis priesneri Enderlein, 1925; Liposcelis silvarum Kolbe,
1888; Liposcelis sp. of group A and Liposcelis sp. of group D are
newly recorded for fauna of Iran. More ever all of reported species, Genera and
families by this study are reported for the first time in Kermanshah and
Kurdistan provinces..

 

Keywords— Psocids fauna, Lepinotus, Belaphotroctes, Kermanshah.

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I.            
INTRODUCTION

Psocoptera,
also known commonly as booklice, barklice or barkflies are one of the
least-known orders of small insects. They have a worldwide distribution and
usually colonized on leaves, foliage and barks of ornamental trees, grasses and
palms. Some of them live in ground litter, under stones, nests of birds and
mammals 1–2 and even in large quantities on stored product commodities
under moist condition.

In the
past, Psocoptera were not considered serious pests and thought they feeding on
algae, fungi, lichen and organic detritus in nature. however several recent
studies clearly indicate that psocids should be considered as pests of economic
importance 3. Some of them such as Liposcelis bostrychophila are
common pests of stored products 4. feed on starch-based items like grain
storesor, some of them found amongst old books and feed upon the paste used in binding 5.

 The Psocids fauna of several countries in the
world was already overview in the recent years 2, 6–7 and
about 5700 species of Psocids have been described so far 8. Despite this extensive study, unfortunately, the
psocid fauna of Iran was poorly known, with only 13 species in 7 family were
recorded 9–14. Therefore it is expected that further
research can add more species to the Psocoptera fauna of Iran.

.

II.          
Material and method

This
study was carried out during 2012-2015 in 13 county of Kermanshah province
along with the Marivan and Malayer county (Kurdistan and Hamedan Provinces
respectively). The specimens were collected from a total of 16 sites ranging in
elevation 1039 m a.s.l. to 2302 m a.s.l. from the dead and dying leaves of
different trees (Oak, Pine, Elm, Walnut, Apricot, Palm), grasses and under
stones TABLE I. The Psocids species were collected directly with entomological
aspirators, hand or extracted by Berlese funnel. In total 90 specimens (89
female and 1 male) were available for study. Most of these were dissected in 75
% ethyl alcohol and identified by Prof. Charles Lienhard Natural, History
Museum, Geneva, Switzerland. Most of the material mentioned below is deposited
in the Psocoptera collection, Natural History Museum, Geneva, Switzerland but a
small reference collection of some of the species mentioned is deposited at the
department of Entomology, Islamic Azad University, Kermanshah, Iran.

III.       
RESULT

A
totally 14 species of Psocoptera belonging to 3 families and 4 genera were
collected and identified from Kermanshah and Kurdistan provinces by this
research. The information of collected species is presented in TABLE I.

The
genus Belaphotroctes Roesler, 1943) with seven species Liposcelis brunnea Motschulsky 1852, Ectopsocus vachoni Badonnel
1954, Liposcelis edaphica Lienhard, 1990; Liposcelis priesneri Enderlein,
1925; Liposcelis silvarum Kolbe, 1888; Liposcelis sp. of group A
and Liposcelis sp. of group D are newly recorded for fauna of Iran. More
ever all of reported species, Genera and families by this study are reported
for the first time in Kermanshah and Kurdistan provinces.

 

Genus:
Belaphotroctes Roesler

Material examined: 1? collected in
the litter around Walnut trees (Juglans
regia) Sare pol-e- Zahab County, Gerdehno village (N 34°43 E 045°48, elev.
1039) in Kermanshah Province, Iran, May, 2012.

Diagnosis: This genus is
characrterized as: Tarsi 3-segmented. Hind tibia usually with at least 1 apical
spur. Macropterous forms with compound eyes and 3 ocelli. Micropterous forms
with small compound eyes. Apterous forms with at most 2 ommatidia, no ocelli,
Fig. 1 (B). Maxillary palp with fourth segment ovoid, obviously wider

TABLE I

Collecting localities in the west part of Iran.

Species

province/county

E

N

Elevation

Habitat

Lepinotus
reticulatus

Kurdistan /Marivan

35°30

046°25

1320

Oak jungle

Kermanshah
/Osmanevand

33°58

047°18

1913

Oak jungle

Kermanshah
/Ghazanchi

34°25

047°02

1330

Pine

Kermanshah
/ Dalaho

35°52

043°06

1677

Walnut

Kermanshah/Eslamabad-e-gharb

33°51

046°50

2302

Elm

Kermanshah
/ Songhor

34°49

047°27

1696

Walnut

Kermanshah
/Harssin

34°16

047°28

1419

Apricot
 

Kermanshah
/Paveh

35°01

046°22

1554

Walnut

Kermanshah/ Sar-e-pol-e-
Zahab

34°43

045°48

1039

Walnut

Kermanshah
/Javanrood

34°46

046°25

1330

Grassland

Ectopsocus
vachoni

Kermanshah /
Kermanshah city

34°20

047°06

1337

Pine

Ectopsocus
vishnyakovae

Kermanshah
/Ghazanchi

34°25

047°02

1330

Pine

Belaphotroctes sp

Kermanshah/ Sar-e-pol-e-
Zahab

34°43

045°48

1039

Walnut tree

Liposcelis
bostrychophila

Kermanshah/Sar-e-pol-e-
Zahab

34°24

046°00

1451

Oak jungle

Kermanshah
/Somar

33°53

045°39

1209

Palm

Kermanshah /
Kermanshah city

34°20

047°06

1337

Pine

Liposcelis
brunnea

Kermanshah
/Somar

33°53

045°39

1209

Palm

Kermanshah/ Sanbali

34°25

047°17

1917

Oak jungle

Liposcelis
edaphica

Kermanshah/Sar-e-pol-e-
Zahab

34°24

046°00

1451

Oak jungle

Liposcelis
priesneri

Kermanshah
/Sahneh

34°27

047°40

1911

Walnut trees

Liposcelis
silvarum

Kurdistan
/Marivan

35°30

046°25

1320

Oak jungle

Liposcelis sp. of group
A

Kermanshah/ Kermanshah
city

34°20

047°06

1337

Pine trees

Liposcelis sp. of group
D

Kermanshah/ Kermanshah
city

34°20

047°06

1337

Pine trees

Liposcelis
corrodens

Hamedan
/Malayer

34°19

048°51

1780

Walnut tree

Liposcelis
decolor

Kermanshah
/Sahneh

34°27

047°40

1911

Walnut trees

Liposcelis keleri

Kermanshah
/Paveh

35°01

046°22

1911

Oak jungle

 

than other segments but not as wide as long 15.

Distribution: the different
species of Belaphotroctes have been recorded in USA, Jamaica,
Mexico,Angola and Togo. It is the first record of this species in Iran.

 

 

Genus: Liposcelis

Liposcelis brunnea Motschulsky,
1852

 

Material examined: 1?
collected in the litter around Palm trees (Phoenix dactylifera) from
Somar county (N 33°53 E 045°39, elev. 1209) in Kermanshah Province, Iran,
August 2013; 2? collected in the litter around oak trees (Quercus
infectoria) from Kermanshah city, Sanbali village (N 34°25 E 047°17, elev.
1917) in Kermanshah Province, Iran, April, 2015.

 

Diagnosis: the main
characterize of this species as follows: Abdominal terga 3-4 not with a
posterior membranous band (at least in the middle). Posterior part of abdomen
darkened (abdomen 8-10) Fig.1 (D).

Distribution: This is a widely
distributed species; it has been found in the most countries such as Belgium,
Germany, French, Finland, England, Italy, Greece, Austria, Cyprus, Poland,
Spain, North Africa, China, Canada, Mexico and USA. It is the first report of
this species from Iran.

 

Genus: Ectopsocus
McLachlan, 1899

Ectopsocus vachoni Badonnel,
1945

Material examined: 1? micropterous,
collected in the litter around Pine trees (Pinus eldarica) from
Kermanshah city (N 34°20 E 047°06, elev. 1337) in Kermanshah Province, Iran,
Des 2013.

Diagnosis: Female is characterised as follows:
dark brown; forewing short and rudiment (brachypterous form).

Distribution: This species is
recorded from different countries such as: Morocco, Chile, France, Great
Britain, Greece, Spain, USA, Argentina, Mexico, Guatemala and Western Australia
16–17. It is the first
report of this species from Iran.

 

Genus: Lepinotus

Liposcelis edaphica Lienhard,
1990

Material examined: one specimen (?), collected in the
litter around oak trees (Q. infectoria) from Sare pol-e- Zahab County,
Patagh village (N 34°24 E 046°00, elev. 1451) in Kermanshah Province, Iran,
September 2013. Leg. M. Kahrarian.

 

Distribution: in
Europe and Asia Countries such as Greece and China 6. It is the first record
of this species in Iran.

 

Liposcelis priesneri Enderlein,
1925

Material examined: One specimen (?), collected in the
litter around Walnut trees (J. regia) from Sahneh County, Derekeh
village (N 34°27 E 047°40, elev. 1911) in Kermanshah Province, Iran, April
2014. Leg. M. Kahrarian.

 

Distribution:
Albania, Cyprus, Greece, Italy, former Yugoslavia 6. It is the first record
of this species in Iran.

 

Liposcelis silvarum (Kolbe,
1888)

Material examined: One specimen (?), collected in the
litter around oak trees (Q. infectoria) from Marivan county (N 35°30 E
046°25, elev. 1320) in Kordestan Province, Iran, April 2016. Leg. M. Kahrarian.

 

Distribution:
cosmopolitan, in Germany, Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, former Czechoslovakia,
Finland, France, Hungary, Italy, Luxembourg, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Romania,
Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, former USSR, former Yugoslavia, Armenia, Mongolia,
Morocco, Canary Islands, USA 6. It is the first record of this species in
Iran.

 

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