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Container ships can be
categorized based on sizes and structure. Based on the structure, there are two
types of container ships. Those are,

1.     
Geared
container ships.

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Advantages

§  Some geared ships have gantry cranes are installed. These cranes, specialized for
container handling, can roll forward and aft on rails.

§  This type of ships can operate cargo in ports
that are not equipped with container handling facilities such as cranes.

Disadvantages

§  Additional capital expense and maintenance costs and ships will cost more to purchase than a gearless ship.

§  These cranes generally slower in loading and unloading
containers more than gantry cranes in seaports.

§  Less
capacity more than gearless container ships.

 

2.     
Gearless
container ships.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 (Source: Clarkson research, March
2014)

According to this graph operating gearless
large ship is more profitable than operating geared small ship in present
conditions. Modern market small geared vessels more frequently use as feeder
vessels. Other than that, most of the large vessels are gearless due to various
aspects. Following advantages and challengers can be discussed regarding the
gearless ships.

Advantages

§  Large
export volumes from states will increase demand for creating more plants in
several countries. This will also drive demand of sourcing out raw materials.

§  Larger
container ships will beneficial for helping to contribute to the progress of
developing countries.

§  When
consider socio economic aspects, with the larger capacity, more containers will
be carried with less number of vessels, leading to a decreased environmental
impact.

Challenges

§  Due to the Larger sizes, operational processes will be more
complexes such as placement, distribution, and handling of the containers.

§  Operational risk for operators and owners will be increased.

§  Ports have limited space. Therefore, fleet of huge ships can
be caused to occur longed waiting times within cargo loading and unloadingContainer ships can be
categorized based on sizes and structure. Based on the structure, there are two
types of container ships. Those are,

1.     
Geared
container ships.

 

 

 

 

 

Advantages

§  Some geared ships have gantry cranes are installed. These cranes, specialized for
container handling, can roll forward and aft on rails.

§  This type of ships can operate cargo in ports
that are not equipped with container handling facilities such as cranes.

Disadvantages

§  Additional capital expense and maintenance costs and ships will cost more to purchase than a gearless ship.

§  These cranes generally slower in loading and unloading
containers more than gantry cranes in seaports.

§  Less
capacity more than gearless container ships.

 

2.     
Gearless
container ships.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 (Source: Clarkson research, March
2014)

According to this graph operating gearless
large ship is more profitable than operating geared small ship in present
conditions. Modern market small geared vessels more frequently use as feeder
vessels. Other than that, most of the large vessels are gearless due to various
aspects. Following advantages and challengers can be discussed regarding the
gearless ships.

Advantages

§  Large
export volumes from states will increase demand for creating more plants in
several countries. This will also drive demand of sourcing out raw materials.

§  Larger
container ships will beneficial for helping to contribute to the progress of
developing countries.

§  When
consider socio economic aspects, with the larger capacity, more containers will
be carried with less number of vessels, leading to a decreased environmental
impact.

Challenges

§  Due to the Larger sizes, operational processes will be more
complexes such as placement, distribution, and handling of the containers.

§  Operational risk for operators and owners will be increased.

§  Ports have limited space. Therefore, fleet of huge ships can
be caused to occur longed waiting times within cargo loading and unloading

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