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     Horror is an intense fear that has for more than 100 years ago was only used in books to entertain the human psyche. This is why I wanted to know how has different opinions and stereotypes changed the way tropes are presented in films? When horror films were created  they were strongly inspired by these books. Humans have tried these things to get the adrenalin pumping.This ancient form has been in many forms to trigger the human imagination from urban myths to storytelling to now films.They drew upon the stories and tall tales of Europe, and hold the monsters back into physical form. The first ever Horror films reflected what scared the God- fearing people of the 19th century, and horror films still do. The first Horror film was Georges Méliès’ 1896 short film about the ¨House of the Devil¨ featuring many conventions and semantic features which would be used in later horror films- witches, ghosts and a crucifix, complete with cauldrons, animated skeletons, ghosts, transforming bats and the incarnation of the Devil. The first horror films are surreal, disturbing pieces, owing their visual appearance in part to expressionist painters and in part to spirit photography of the 1860s, and their narrative style to the story’s played out by the Grand Guignol Theatre Company and drawn from Gothic literature. The golden age of horror was 1920s to the 1930s it didn’t take long after the aware of motion picture technology in the late 19th century for genre filmmakers to play around in the horror genre, then witnessed by French filmmaker Georges Melies’ 1896 short “The House of the Devil,” often labeled as being the first horror movie. Although America was home to one of the first Frankenstein and Jekyll and Hyde movie interpretations, the most idolized horror films through the 1920s was sprouted from German expressionist movement, starting with films like “The Cabinet of Dr. Caligari” and “Nosferatu” beginning to start the next generation of American cinema. An actor named Lon Chaney was a person that kept American horror afloat be himself, with the famous “The Hunchback of Notre Dame,” “The Phantom of the Opera” and “The Monster,” which set the stage for the worldwide dominance of the 30s. In the 30s was the age of monster movies starting a series of hit horror movies beginning with ?”Dracula and Frankenstein” coming out in 1931 and including the controversial debate of “Freaks” and a Spanish version of ?”Dracula” that is often thought to be superior to the English-language translation. Germany continued this artistic streak starting in the early ’30s, with a film called? “Vampyr” and the Fritz Lang thriller ?”M,” but Nazi rule forced much of the filmmaking talent to stop and change. The ’30s also witnessed the first American werewolf film called? “The Werewolf of London”, then the first zombie movie ?”White Zombie”and lastly the landmark special effects blockbuster ?”King Kong.”during this time it was really showing how people were creating different aspects of films.  Towards the 40s they started to resort to horror movie pairings which met a little of success and peaked an interest in its viewers. In the 50s was developing a lizard and insect type of vibe. Producing “The fly”, “The blob”, and “Godzilla”. Horror films were getting surreal, later on  creating disturbing pieces, owing their visual appearance in part to expressionist painters and in part to spirit photography later towards 1860s, and their narrative style to the story’s played out by the Grand Guignol Theatre Company and drawn from Gothic literature. Spirit photography – the practice of using two different exposures or environmental positions to depict ghosts within a frame of film – was popular later towards the 1860s onwards, not only among Spiritualists but also on the stage musicians and their audiences, who had humor in the fakery as entertainment. Using lighting as the base of the horror genre as a whole uplighting, silhouette, spotlighting, underexposure, harsh light, Prominent and projected shadows shooting through objects, and Shooting through elements. They use these lightings to either draw attention to the predator. Using distortion to show the views of the victim before they get murdered. Tropes began to play a big role in films as they slowly became a huge role in the world. They started to become cliches that have been in many of the horror films made such as the final girl, the history of a specific being in the same place, or even when their trying to escape the car is not working even when the car was perfectly fine. The purpose of this project is to understand how us as humans respond to fear and to prove that some actually enjoy horror films to other films due to the excitement and the possibility of the unknown. Humans take excitement and things that are more to the human eye and even beyond the human comprehension. The human imagination is what horror thrives on films like these go past the five senses. Everyone has a certain degree of imaginative ability but if varies with each person. It can travel at the speed of light and outside of just pictures in the mind, its like you combine all your senses to one. With that simple knowledge they have profited millions in films shows and books. In 2016 teenage mutant ninja turtles made for $3 million, or approximately 2.2% of the $135 million it cost to make that summer whereas the film, The Witch, grossed over $40 million, a whopping 13 times its modest budget. The horror-thriller Don’t Breathe dominated box offices, grossing $26 million in the United States, more than double the second-place finisher (Suicide Squad). Don’t Breathe even was made for only $10 million—and earned that back on its opening night alone. Suicide Squad cost $175 million. Don’t Breathe follows other low-budget horror films, including The Shallows, Lights Out, and The Purge: Election Year that profited big time at the box office. Even The Conjuring 2, the horror genre equivalent of a mainstream, big-budget sequel, only cost $40 million to make and grossed $320 million. The Legend of Tarzan, a 3D remake of the classic Edgar Rice Burroughs story, cost over four times as much to produce and made only a few million more. There have been dozens of similarly successful horror films in the last six years, from It Follows to The Gift. The phenomenon arguably dates back to 1999, when The Blair Witch Project was cobbled together for $60,000, and grossed nearly $250 million 400,000% return. Stephen king an US author has got millions on books like the “The Shining” titled “Doctor Sleep.” A TV adaption of “Under the Dome” premiered on CBS in 2013 while the “Haven” series was recently renewed for a fifth season. Forty years after the 1974 publication of “Carrie,” the horror story’s third movie adaption grossed $84 million worldwide in 2013. Over time different horror movie tropes has been the result of changes in horror movies over time like racism, stereotypes, and social media. Over time many people have seen how the death goes in the same order the black guy, the dumb jock, and the slut girlfriend, and the surviving virgin. Over time black men and women were added to horror films for the sake adding to the film body count. The final girl evolution over time was mentioned in jaws vs hush / texas chainsaw vs the conjuring 2. Final girl always was the victim defined and described the way it’s connected to psychology 30s-2010s film time span. These characters usually appear on screen solo or as a part of the group like a ghetto dweller. The 6 foot tall petty thug, or, the loud mouth, sassy Black female were added to horror cast to add to the body count. They are obnoxious, stupid, and pretty much here for temporary entertainment. In spite of all that, they are intimidating, and have a tough time dealing with the reality of the situation at hand. They mistake themselves for the killer’s equal, and they are usually have a horrendous death. Then we have the mythical and sacrificial negro usually played by someone older and give advice to people about their troubles. They tend to feel so deeply for the white hero and then the mystic tends to be the sacrificial lamb of the film, and usually ends up dead at the film’s middle. Probably as a result of putting their lives on the line for the white lead character. The voice of reason which is usually scared of everything wants to never explore and see what’s behind the door. Usually displaying a type of common sense even more intelligent to still dye before the films end by their own advice. The most common the sidekick usually being a female role not being a hero of course but just to ride out the film. Lastly the exception of the the death if they were the companion to the white main character. As well as their being stereotypes to films horror films seem to have the most like a body, chainsaw, axe, Exploitation like in the movie Cannibal Holocaust (1980), Tokyo Gore Police (2008), Hobo with a Shotgun (2011) In the horror community there is a lot of talk about exploitation films. Many of the horror cult classics and midnight movies could be considered exploitation films. They tend to be no budget, gore fests with very little artistic merit. Of course, due to the budget, the gore tends to be a little bit unrealistic. Even evil fetus from hell. Rosemary’s Baby (1968), Alien (1979), The Fly (1986) We think that horror directors are finally listening to the horror tales of pregnant women. Fetus terrible is that awful kind of body horror where the little miracle inside of you turns into a horror show. Having basically the devil within her as a sick joke in a way that she gave her womb to satan. Then the last to be sprung out the horror movie world is social media the fast paced world constantly updating eventually taking over cable and films. Showing more horror or sci fi at home. Many differences occurred in the films of today and films in the 90s. The notorious movie scream showed every last one of the horror trope from the final girl to the vengeful spirit. Written by Kevin Williamson and directed by Wes Craven this horror film was in theaters December 20, 1996 and on disc by 1997. The film was based around a killer named ghostface who targets the high school located in the fictional town of woodsboro and california. The film used black comedy and “who did it” mystery with the violence of the slasher genre to express the tropes of the horror film genre popularized in films such as Halloween and Friday the 13th. The film was considered unique and different at the time of its release for featuring characters who were aware of real world horror films and openly discussed the tropes that Scream attempted to lead on. This film was inspired by the real-life case of the Gainesville Ripper, Scream was influenced by Williamson’s peculiar love for horror films, especially Halloween (1978). The production faced censorship issues with the Motion Picture Association of America and obstacles from locals while filming on location. The film went on to financial and critical acclaim, earning $173 million worldwide, and became the highest-grossing slasher film in the US in unadjusted dollars. It received several awards and award nominations. The 2016 film friend request is surrounded with social media classics, trouble teen bullied through social media choosing either to take their lives through suicide or taking others by shooting up the school. “Friend Request” is a facebook themed horror movie that taps into technology-based anxieties taking away from the usual rules of freight but picking off people one by one.  The story revolves around Laura (Alycia Debnam-Carey), a university boyfriend (William Moseley) and tons of friends, both on Facebook and IRL. Since her social media friends number is over 800, Laura doesn’t mind accepting a friend request from Marina (Liesl Ahlers), a hoodie-wearing, outcast student who she accepted on facebook who has exactly zero friends. Comparing that to the older hit scream 5 part film who has everybody guessing who done it putting people in a more attached feeling to the character. As well as their being stereotypes to films horror films seem to have the most like a body, chainsaw, axe, Exploitation like in the movie Cannibal Holocaust (1980), Tokyo Gore Police (2008), Hobo with a Shotgun (2011) In the horror community there is a lot of talk about exploitation films. Many of the horror cult classics and midnight movies could be considered exploitation films. They tend to be no budget, gore fests with very little artistic merit. Of course, due to the budget, the gore tends to be a little bit unrealistic. Even evil fetus from hell. Rosemary’s Baby (1968), Alien (1979), The Fly (1986) We think that horror directors are finally listening to the horror tales of pregnant women. Fetus terrible is that awful kind of body horror where the little miracle inside of you turns into a horror show. Having basically the devil within her as a sick joke in a way that she gave her womb to satan. Then the last to be sprung out the horror movie world is social media the fast paced world constantly updating eventually taking over cable and films. Showing more horror or sci fi at home. Many differences occurred in the films of today and films in the 90s. The 2016 film friend request is surrounded with social media classics, trouble teen bullied through social media choosing either to take their lives through suicide or taking others by shooting up the school. “Friend Request” is a facebook themed horror movie taps into technology-based anxieties taking away from the usual rules of freight but picking off people one by one.  The story revolves around Laura (Alycia Debnam-Carey), a university boyfriend (William Moseley) and tons of friends, both on Facebook and IRL. Since her social media friends number is over 800, Laura doesn’t mind accepting a friend request from Marina (Liesl Ahlers), a hoodie-wearing, outcast student who she accepted on facebook who has exactly zero friends. This film depicts the new age and how people are affected by the new technology not really going out and taking in life but being more inside and sharing their business to people around the world which could be if not more dangerous than going out and getting stalked to your house or weird calls in the middle of the night at least you would know to get out the way. When you compare the movie “friend request” to the infamous “scream” series you can definitely see the generation and technology differences. Even with all the differences in horror films they still bring the same amount of entertainment of any other horror film. In the film Oculus it showed little to none of the classic horror film tropes even being labeled as a thriller but yet still seen to this day as an horror film. In the film oculus it is shown how an average family stumbling upon an demonic mirror with a history of killing animals and possessing families to turn on each other. During this movie it is basically showing the background of how they were treated and what happened during the time they was first encountered with the mirror. In conclusion tropes are what make the horror movie genre nothing further from classic. The way that they have created films and developed them in a unique and fun way every.  

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