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Identification and evaluation of sources (word count: 520):The presented research question of this investigation explores: “Were the Korean ‘comfort women’ an action of sexual slavery for the Japanese army during WWII?” During the Japanese colonial era 1910-1945, the Japanese military constructed a brothel disguising it as a “volunteered work in the camps” excluding the reality that any sexual behaviour had been elaborated. The history of the Japanese Military Sexual Slavery has been distorted by the Japanese for over 50 years until now, as the victims are wailing for truth and apology. The historical investigation will scrutinize on the significance of the comfort women and standard points of human rights. Source 1- “Yoon, Bang-soon L. Imperial Japan’s Comfort Women from Korea : History & Politics of Silence-Breaking. Vol. 7-1, Northeast Asian History Association, 2010.”    The first source which will be evaluated is a book called ‘Imperial Japan’s Comfort Women from Korea: History & Politics of Silence-Breaking’ written by Bang-soon L. Yoon. The author Bang-soon L. Yoon, is a female professor in the Central Washington University teaching political science. The book has been published in summer of 2010 through Northeast Asian History Association. The following association was first created in December 6, 2006 by 23 lawmakers and Yoon-ki Hong (a member of the National Assembly) and in 2006 the association was legal due to an establishment of law no.7955 which enacted the establishment of the association. The book explores the hidden political conflict between South Korea and Japan under the issue of comfort women through a research made from over 50 sources. Although there could be a possibility that the book is made from weak sources, the association is controlled by the legislation which means any publications which contains false informations are prohibited . Nonetheless, the association itself strongly supports in correcting the distorted history of the Northeastern asia. Source 2- “The Truth < The e-Museum for the Victims of Japanese Military Sexual Slavery." I' m The Evidence e-Museum of the Japanese Military Sexual Slavery, Ministry of Gender Equality and Family of South Korea, www.actionforpeace.net/sub.asp?pid=222. The second source which will be evaluated is the official online website about the Japanese Military Sexual Slavery. It is known to be the official website since it has been established by the Ministry of Gender Equality and Family of South Korea. Unlike normal online website out in the internet, the following website states it is a 'e-museum'- as an expression of solemnity. The e-museum provides the access to testimonial of victims, victim's status (and artworks done by the victims. The source is said to be reliable because of the ministry's old history in supporting women rights and it has been a ministry formed by the presidential commission on women affairs.    A limitation of the origins is that it contains a section called 'News' which updates newspaper article published under the Korean media about how the Japanese are suggesting the victims were paid prostitutes. This can suggest the split perspectives about the event but does not suggest a clear opinions from the Japan since the evidence which suggest Japanese's perspectives are informed through a Korean media press.Investigation (word count: 1369) :    The history of the 'comfort women' begins as the Japanese army takes control over South Korea from 1910-1945 (NAVER Knowledge Encyclopedia). The term 'comfort women' refers to women from countries which Japan colonized and had been sent to the 'comfort stations', also known as the "military brothels" which aimed to provide soldiers sexual intercourse (The Truth). Over years, the history of comfort women were unrecognized until 1990 June, when the Japanese government refused to admit the issue (Kim Hakjun). The refusal encouraged victims for testimonial, and on August 14, 1991, Hak-sun Kim  revealed her experience in the comfort station in China in front of a press conference (Yoon). Hak-sun Kim's courageous speech illuminated the issue globally and curiosity of the public (Yoon). Nonetheless, the comfort women issue has been a serious political issue between South Korea and Japan, as Korea had asked for a sincere apology but the Japanese government claims "there is no physical evidence of forecibliness thus we do not have the will to apologise" (Kim Hakjun). The record of the 'comfort women' unearths the ignorance of the human rights towards minorities from the Japanese army and uncovers the distorted history.    Firstly, even before the political issue, there has been concerns about the term 'comfort women' itself (The Truth) since the terms 'The Japanese Military Sexual Slavery' and the 'comfort women' are both used to describe the victims of the forced sexual labour in Japan; however, it shares a different contextual definition over the issue (The Truth). The term 'comfort women' is directly suggested from Japan, and is now commonly used to refer to the sex slaves (The Truth). The problem about this is, the word's outlook denys, and does not glosses over the concept of the constitution of the sexual slavery due to the word 'comfort' (The Truth). On the other hand, the term 'military sexual slavery' are a direct term which describes the victimization in a realistic form (The Truth). Although in Eastern Asia, the term 'military sex slaves' are commonly used (The Truth), in 1996 according to Radhika Coomaraswamy's report, a member of human right commision in the UN, regulated the official term for this conflict is 'military sexual slavery in wartime' due to the fact that the term's first-impression does not hide the essence of violence made by the Japanese army (Kim Hakjun). In Korea, however; the term 'Comfort Women' is being used because the current society believes that the fact that the Japanese named the conflict as 'comfort women', not 'The Japanese Military Sexual Slavery' reflects on the fact that the Japanese are trying to hide the truth and also shows the use of censorship by the Japanese government. (Kim Hakjun). Nonetheless, the term 'The Japanese Military Sexual Slavery' may be disrespectful towards the victims as it directly suggest the act of sexual slavery which can be considered embarrassing by the comfort women (Kim Hakjun). Secondly, one of the biggest fallacy which people have about the comfort women is that the action of moving into the brothels by the victims was a "volunteered work" and women were "licensed prostitutes" (The Truth). However; this fallacy was intentionally appointed by the Japanese in order to traverse their mistakes and to abdicate political crush with international nations- since the victims were not only asians but included other race groups (YTN News). In fact, this is the major crush which had caused tensions between Korea and Japan- since Japan recalls that the comfort women moved in to the stations with no force in order to get money; however, Korea claims that there was a forced action which led the comfort women into the comfort stations (YTN News). Although in 2016 the Japanese prime minister, Shinz? Abe, suggest there was no forecebliness (YTN News), back in August 4 1993, during Yohei Kono statement, Japan admitted the Japanese's compulsory mobilization (Kim Hakjun). The statement was being prepared for a year and 8 months since 1991 december through research about the issue- in fact the official name of the statement is called "Yohei Kono's statement on the result about the  relation of comfort women" (Kim Hakjun).  From the translation of Yohei Kono, he  acknowledged the situation by saying: "The then Japanese military was, directly or indirectly, involved in the establishment and management of the comfort stations. The recruitment of the comfort women was conducted mainly by private recruiters who acted in response to the request of the military. In many cases they were recruited against their own will, through coaxing, coercion, etc. At times, administrative/military personnel directly took part in the recruitments. They lived in misery at comfort stations under a coercive atmosphere." (MOFA). Also from a testimonial made from Kim Soonduk, comfort women who was sent to comfort station in China, said:"...all I thought I knew - was that I was going to work in a factory to earn money."(The Truth) then later as she talks about her conversation between a Japanese soldier and she "asked one of them: "Why are you keeping us here? What kind of work are we going to do?"He simply replied that he only followed orders. On the first night there I was dragged by a high-ranking soldier and got raped." (The Truth). Even though the testimonials cannot prove the forced action, a action of deception can be observed as the army tricked women by guareeting good life and wealth in Japan (The Truth). Thirdly, according to a research from the Northeast Asia History Foundation, there are 4 major rationales of the establishment of the 'comfort stations' (Kim Hakjun).  The first reason was that the Japanese army wanted to avoid "accidental rape" (Kim Hakjun). There were a lot of civilians living in the area colonized by Japan- and this caused cases of rape (Kim Hakjun). One of the well-known case is the Nanking Massacre (Kim Hakjun) which occurred in 1937 (History.com) and involved not only rape, but also pillages and parsons (Kim Hakjun).  The Nanking Massacre has a second name so called "The rape of Nanking" as it left over 20,000 to 80,000 women sexully abused (History.com). The second reason was to prevent sexually transmitted infection (Kim Hakjun). After the Shanghai incident in 1932 (Naver Current affair  Encyclopedia ), to stave off sexual infection, the army established the comfort stations to process vaccination (Kim Hakjun). The third reason was simply to provide soldiers release stress (Kim Hakjun). During wartime, the Japanese soldiers suffered under high-level of stress and anxiety as they had to stay in foreign countries during wartime (Kim Hakjun). The last reason was to secure the army's secret divulgence (Kim Hakjun). If the soldiers had used the civilian's brothel, there was a chance of leak in military information, thus to avoid this problem, they needed a station with supervision and control (Kim Hakjun). From the reasons of the establishment of the comfort stations substantially proves the fact the comfort women suffered from sexual intercorse since the stations had been established clearly aiming for revealing the  soldiers' sexual desire (Kim Hakjun).    Lastly, although the Japanese government claims for 'physical' evidence in the forced action in pushing the comfort women to the comfort station, South Korea proposed the 'physical' evidence are the survived victims, and their testimonials (The Truth). 1972, Bae Bong Gi announced her experience in a comfort station in Okinawa, Japan followed up by 1982, Noh Su-Bok informing the situation in the comfort station situated in Thailand (Yoon). Nonetheless, in 2007 summer, the first official hearings of the comfort women issue was established in American parliament (Shin Kyung Ryul). There were 3 victims, Kim Goon Ja, Lee Yong Soo from South Korea and O'Herne from the Netherlands (Shin Kyung Ryul). In the hearings they stated  "We are the living evidence in history" and also announced "We have been abused physically by systematic power and have been rape through mornings to night." (Shin Kyung Ryul). The resolution made from the official hearing was a sincere apology towards the comfort women; however, the Japanese still were belittled making the comfort women discouraged (Shin Kyung Ryul).    In conclusion, the comfort women issue is not only about rape and sexual intercourse but a issue which involved with individual human rights. It is one of the most significant human trafficking case which violently destroyed human's dignity. Nonetheless, even though South Korea proposed various evidence about the issue, Japan had refused them with no response of why (Shin Kyung Ryul). This created the conflict as this behaviour of Japan seemed like an ignorance about the event even though Japan had acknowledged the significance of the comfort women issue. Thus, a more responsible act must be made by Japan to oppose Korea by suggesting clear reasons about the rejections and necessary facts/ evidence which would satisfy Japan. Reflection (word count: 262) :    Throughout this historical investigation I have tried to use various resources as possible such as books, videos, news articles,blogs and online website. Nonetheless I have tried to stay open-minded to perceive any possibilities. Although I have used a well-ranged sources, one of the limitations were to find direct online resources from Japanese website. As a native Korean speaker, I had easy access to Korean media press and news articles but on the other hand, the only possible resource to find about Japan's perspectives were only translated transcripts which is not known to be reliable or not. From this investigation one of the challenges I have faced was I had to gather multiple sources in order to make this investigation accurate as possible. Unlike math and sciences, history cannot be experimented but only can be done through past research and papers- and these documents may vary sometimes especially with statistical values. Thus to find out reliable documents I had to see if the sources were reliable- looking at the authors and the publishers. If they promote censorship, if the publisher is controlled by a politician and so on. Also, because of this reason it is hard to identify if the events are historically significant. In my perspective all historical events are important since they have been the base and root of the politics nowadays- all the historical events helped to same the current society. Nonetheless, history is hard to proof but no one knows the truth- but I believe history is about identifying given information and inferencing it as accurate as possible.

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