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In
a mere decade smartphone has now become an essential part of our life and we
simply cannot deny it. Although smartphone has made communication easier, it
also effects our life in un-predicted and negative ways.

Cell
phones were meant to be used for communication purposes. From the time phones
were first made, phones were seen as source of communication. But on 29 June
2007, apple released their first iPhone, which was specifically the first real
smartphone. The introduction of smartphone changed the way people saw cell
phones and impact of phones on people lives became significant.

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Every
invention has it’s positive and negative effects. Smartphone has its pros and
cons. There is no arguing that smartphone have made our lives easier,
communication barriers are broken, exchanging of data is made easier,
advertising and surfing internet anytime, anywhere. We can access vast
information in blink of an eye. There was a time when online banking was
considered a mess. To access one’s account, one needed secure internet
connection but when smartphones were introduced, secure networking got a
massive update. Smartphones made online banking possible. Smartphones converted
a bank account in a portable wallet. Where there are people supporting
smartphones, there are people who are highlighting its negative impacts.
Technology writer Bob Lefsetz said “The pulses of smartphone use outweigh the
minuses”. On the other hand, Perlow (2015) senior editor at ZDNet.com said in
an article “Every second spent on the phone is every second not spent observing
and usage of smartphones maybe stealing most valuable moments of our life.”.

Smartphones
have obliterated the bridge between office and home. Before smartphones, office
work was limited to office but now one keeps on receiving office emails even
after office hours. The thought that supports the argument that smartphones
have negative effect on society is that it has taken away our focus from
driving, to family, to our surroundings.

It
is a fact that smart phones are affecting people’s lives and encouraging
antisocial behavior. Instead of connecting us, smartphones are making us more
isolated. There was a time when while eating together, families talked to each
other. This help in strengthen understanding between them but after the
invasion of smart phones on families instead of having a nice chat, everyone in
busy tweeting and posting images of their food on Instagram. Research shows
that extensive use of smartphone is triggering anti-social behavior in
children. On this issue, David Engber(2014), columnist at slate.com said that
it is natural for parents to worry that smartphones are destroying kid’s social
skills.

As
it is said that excess of anything is bad. Smartphone addiction in teenagers in
growing day by day. The negative effect of smartphones overpowers it’s positive
for students. According to a survey, it has been found that college student
spends an average of 10 hours on cellphones, surfing internet and sending
messages. Another study conducted in 2011 called ‘The world Unplugged’ surveyed
universities in 10 countries. Students were asked to avoid smartphones, laptops
and internet for 24 hours. In the withdrawal period, majority of students
suffered mental distress, panic and confusion, failing to go full day without
phones. After the survey just 21% of all the students said that they could feel
the benefits.

Health
is also affected by extensive use of smartphones. Eyesight is affected by
exposure of blue light like the light in smartphones. It can damage retina of
the eye. According to a research done by American Macular Degeneration
Foundation, retina damage caused by blue light may lead to central vision. Ears
are also affected extensive usage of smartphones. Talking to someone on call
won’t damage one’s hearing but if smartphones and headphones are used for
listening music for over an hour, it can cause temporary or even permanent
damage to ears. It is proved that exposure to noises above 85 decibels can
cause hearing loss. Maximum decibel of headphone is 105 decibels, listening to
music at this volume for more than 7 minutes will result in hearing damage. It
is not proved that radiation from cell phones can cause health issues but the
World Health Organization(WHO) already classes cellphones as possibly carcinogenic
to humans.

Smartphones
have changed our world remarkably. Both positive and negative impacts of
smartphones are becoming clear as its use is increasing. As the smartphone is
developing, we can focus on improving its positive features and decreasing its
negative impacts. We are living in age of technology. We are surrounded by such
fascinating technology and vast information on our fingertips than any other
previous generation. It is now in our hands that how we use this information.
We use the knowledge to bring catastrophe or to make this world a better place
for future generations.

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