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Is Moral Behavior necessary for
Happiness?

 

Ipshita Sharda

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12/20/17

 

 

 

 

 

Introduction:

 

The motive of
this paper is to discuss moral behavior and whether it is a necessity for
happiness. The point of view of this paper is that ethical conduct is essential
in the accomplishment of bliss. In this way, the paper will be focused on
showing the said position. To accomplish this, the paper shall firstly, stay on
the definition of morality in relation to what moral behavior requires. It will
additionally take a look at fulfilment and from that point exhibit the importance
of good conduct in accomplishing happiness. Proper moral speculations and
illustrations might be connected accordingly.

Moral
behavior is subjective in the sense that what may seem right to one person may
not seem right to another. Happiness is also entirely subjective due to the fact
that what can make one or some people happy might not be the case for others.

Morals is a
field in ethical logics that recognizes the idea amongst great and awful, and
good and bad. Morals gives diverse benchmarks or laws that must be trailed by
the general population in a general public, this meaning of Ethics could be
seen in both the article of Stephen M. Perle entitled Morality and Ethics an
Introduction and The Encyclopedia of Philosophy under the point of Ethics.
Generally, these norms and laws are actualized with a specific goal to stop
wrongdoings and refrain from dispensing damage to others. Without these,
confusion would most likely happen. More often than not, morals are seen like good
doings, this is on the grounds that profound quality and morals both manage the
privilege and the off-base. These two portray the diverse routes on how
individuals ought to do and be capable of what is correct and what isn’t,
keeping in mind the end goal to be in congruity with other individuals in the
public eye.

 

Morality
& Moral Behavior

The Reader’s
Digest Great Encyclopedic Dictionary characterizes Morals as great charm or
conduct that adjusts to frameworks of qualities and standards of right lead.

It is derived
from this definition that morals aren’t subjective. Rather it goes past the
wildernesses of individual esteems and individual feeling of right or wrong, at
the worthy esteems or standards of a given society which an individual is a
part of. On a fundamental level, the qualities, beliefs or rule that a general
public has all in all consented to manage its everyday living might be called
ethics. These are what mirror a person’s esteems or those of the whole society.
In such manner at that point, great ethics contrast from awful ones by the
insignificant truth that they are reasonably picked and situated towards the
benefit of all which shows in right and appropriate conduct.

Moral
behavior entails in upholding or practicing good morals or values in view
of achieving or retaining what one deigns right and conventionally acceptable.
Thus, it can be argued then that moral behavior is the corrector
right way of conducting one’s life in so far as morality and rational
choices are concerned.

Morality
depicts the rule that oversee our conduct. Without these standards set up,
social orders can’t get by for long. In this day and age, morality is regularly
thought of as having a place with a specific religious perspective, yet by
definition, we see this isn’t the situation. Everybody holds fast to an ethical
teaching or something to that affect. Morality as it identifies with our
conduct is essential on three levels. Prestigious mastermind, researcher and creator
C.S. Lewis characterizes them as: (1) to guarantee reasonable play and
congruity between people; (2) to help make us great individuals so as to have a
decent society; and (3) to keep us in a good relationship with the power that
created us. In view of this definition, plainly our beliefs are basic to our
ethical conduct. A recent report in Psychology Today stated that “The most
enormous indicator of a man’s ethical conduct might be religious duty.
Individuals who view themselves as exceptionally religious were most
drastically opposed to report, deceiving their companions, having extramarital dishonest
relationships, undermining their costs accounts, or notwithstanding stopping
wrongfully.” Based on this finding, what we accept about Creation
decidedly affects our ethical considering and our conduct. Without faith in a
Creator, the main alternative that is by all accounts left is to cling to moral
measures we compensate for ourselves. Unless we live in a dominant society, we
are allowed to pick our very own ethical code. But, where does that flexibility
originate from? The perspective of numerous who don’t stick to Creation is that
thoughtful quality is a production of humankind, intended to address the issue
of stable social orders. All kinds of life are in a process of deciding between
life and death, choosing what to do with power and/or authority. This ultimately
prompts a planning of virtue and values.

 

 

What
is Happiness?

 

Happiness is
one of the subtle terms which is difficult to characterize. However, it is
interpreted from the Greek word Eudaimonia, meaning blessedness or quality of
life. Mostly, satisfaction is related to an ordinary idea with passionate
condition, short lived joys and delights. On the contrary, Happiness is a
condition of long life “human satisfaction or prospering.” Aristotle puts it
right when he argues that happiness is something perfect and self-sufficient,
being the conclusion to which our activities are coordinated. Accordingly, he
characterizes satisfaction as an action as per righteousness. Obviously, it is
induced from this, that happiness presupposes a high-minded or a decent method
for living as its prerequisite.

In other words, the philosophy of happiness
is the philosophical concern with the existence, nature, and attainment of
happiness. Insightfully, happiness can be comprehended as the ethical objective
of life or as a part of shot; undoubtedly, in most European countries the term
happiness is a synonymous for luck. Thus, thinkers generally explain happiness
as either a perspective, or an existence that goes well for the individual leading
it.

Philosophers who write about “happiness” classically take
their topic to be either of two things, each corresponding to a different sense
of the term:

A state of mind
A life that goes well for the
person leading it

“Happiness relies upon ourselves.”
More than any other individual, Aristotle refers happiness as a focal reason
for human life and an objective in itself. Subsequently he commits more space
to the point of happiness than any scholar preceding to the modern era. Living in
the same period from Mencius, yet on the opposite side of the world, he reaches
some comparative determinations. That is, happiness relies upon the development
of ethicalness, however his ideals are to some degree more individualistic than
the basically social excellencies of the Confucians. However, as we might see,
Aristotle was persuaded that a truly happy life required the satisfaction of a
wide scope of conditions, including physical and also mental prosperity. Along
these lines he presented the possibility of an art of joy in the established
sense, as far as another field of information.

 

Basically, Aristotle contends that ideals is accomplished
by keeping up the Mean, which is the harmony between two abundances.
Aristotle’s regulation of the Mean is reminiscent of Buddha’s Middle Path, yet
there are interesting contrasts. For Aristotle the mean was a technique for
accomplishing uprightness, however for Buddha the Middle Path alluded to a
quiet lifestyle which arranged the extremes of brutal monkish life and arousing
happy chasing. The Middle Path was a negligible necessity for the reflective
life, and not simply the source of virtue in itself.

 

 

 

Morality
& our Conscience

Morality
effects our regular choices, and those decisions are coordinated by our heart.
Once more, we should choose for ourselves where the ethics begins. Many
individuals hold to the possibility that the conscience involves our hearts,
that ideas of right, wrong, and reasonableness are “modified” in each
of us. This is with regards to the compositions of Paul the Apostle, who calls
attention to that even the individuals who don’t have faith in God most of the
time comply with God’s laws as given in the Ten Commandments: “for when
Gentiles, who do not have the law, by nature do the things in the law, these,
although not having the law, are a law to themselves, who show the work of the
law written in their hearts, their conscience also bearing witness, and between
themselves their thoughts accusing or else excusing them” (Romans 2:14-15, NKJV)..
Once more, the individuals who don’t have belief in God are left with the main believable
conclusion they can come to – that our choices are based solely on our need to
survive. What we call our inner voice, at that point, would be founded on
learned conduct, instead of part of a Divine design.

 

My understanding of Morality and Conscience
is quite simple:

Morality is
something you learn with experience, it can be by observing your elders and
people around you. Once you get to know the consequences of any action you make
judgement in your head, right there by deciding if this act got punished, it
must be wrong and if it was appreciated/rewarded, definitely it’s a good thing
to do. You make that notion even as a kid and as you grow up those notions
become stronger for some, and when you see a different aspect of those already
established notion in your head you tend to get confused. And there comes a
role of your understanding and experience which makes you decide this is
morally right or wrong. Morality is externally oriented.

Conscience on the other hand comes from within. It is an inherent knowledge
of right and wrong. One experiences guilt feeling when engaged in any task and
you get that feeling of inner voice stopping you to do that. That is your
conscience stopping you do that. Conscience is internally focused.

 

“Moral
Behavior” the necessity of happiness

 

Both
happiness and morality are immaterial in nature, which confuses the
understanding of the relationship between them. Happiness does not happen by
chance, but is sought through many different ways. Moral behavior is one of the
means to achieving happiness.

Morality is
essentially a prerequisite to happiness. People are ethically disposed to
advancing the happiness of other individuals other than their own particular
joy. A person’s happiness is impacted by their activities and properties, and
in addition those of the general population around them. A man who is described
by ethically unsuitable conduct is probably going to get contrary treatment
from other individuals. Brülde watched that numerous specialists trust that all
individuals have a solid good motivation to advance their own particular
satisfaction, as well as the joy of others by doing what is right. Emmanuel
Kant’s hypothesis of morals bears witness to the conviction that the way to
happiness ought to be legitimate and satisfactory. Satisfaction can along these
lines be advanced through ethically upright conduct, which likely prompts
constructive treatment from other individuals.

 

 

Religious
lessons, Christianity specifically, put much weight on the solid association
between moral conduct and happiness. Christianity guarantees bliss to the
individuals who are ethically upright. Satisfaction comes as a reward to people
who fit in with a general public’s standards.

Moral conduct
assumes a critical part towards bliss or happiness. A person’s joy is, to an extensive
degree, managed by their activities, characteristics and treatment from others.
Religious lessons verify the view that morality is important for satisfaction.

Happiness is a reaction so essentially, one ends up
plainly cheerful after they have done or gotten something. There is the odd
event of a man who is cheerful for reasons unknown. Like morality though, the
person’s personality, upbringing, and thinking all have a result on what will
make them happy.
When discussing if moral conduct is essential for happiness,
one must consider how it influences society versus the individual. “If there
are no consequences to “immoral behavior,” then there is no motivational
pressure for morality.”  this statement
by Plato can be seen as the way that if there were no outcomes, there would be
significantly more “improper” conduct since it is basically less
demanding to do. In an Investigation of the human instinct done recently, it
has been demonstrated that people get a kick out of the chance to take the less
demanding root. Improper conduct is precisely that the less demanding root,
which thusly makes it corrupt somehow. Essentially there are many individuals
out there who have acted indecently but are glad right up ’til today with their
lives.

 

Conclusion

This paper
has hopefully proved with clarity that moral behavior is essential for
happiness. The nature of moral behavior as emphasized above possesses the
means that are vital in the attainment of happiness. Apparently, the paper
avoided the conventional understanding of happiness, whereby it is thought of
as short-lived pleasure and joys to be sought solely in external goods. Rather
it focused on the fact that happiness is truly human contentment that is a
Good, worth pursuing, which is not temporary but long long-lasting. Therefore,
it has to be accepted that happiness and morality go hand in hand, as argued in
this paper.

 

            

 

 

 

References

http://www.dynamicchiropractic.com/mpacms/dc/article.php?id=46121

http://www.iep.utm.edu/ethics/

https://www.psychologytoday.com/blog/homo-consumericus/201204/morality-exists-despite-religion

https://www.psychologytoday.com/blog/hide-and-seek/201301/aristotle-happiness

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Argument_from_morality

The Moral Logic of the Apostle Paul

https://www.allaboutphilosophy.org/bible.htm?embed_path=/query&query=Romans%202:14-15

Aristotle

 

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